What is there to discuss-ion? “Music as discourse (jazz) doesn’t work,” John Cage said.* “If you’re going to have a discussion, have it and use words.” As both a jazz and Cage fan, I’ve often reflected on the paradox, for discourse, “running to and fro,” seems an accurate description of jazz, with or without words.
According to Google’s Ngram Viewer, the word discussion in American English is on the decline, following a peak around 1960. Interested readers may follow the link to an Ngram Viewer chart that graphs the word discussion found in “lots of books” from 1800 through 2008 using the corpus “American English.” But what is the difference between being involved in a discussion and having a conversation? Again using Ngram Viewer, we find conversation and discussion crossing just after 1900, discussion on the rise, conversation falling off, but recently apparently headed for another crossing, discussion dying, conversation on the upswing, beginning around 1980. What does all this mean, if anything? But it looks interesting, even if it does not provoke a good discussion question.
Are discussions weightier than conversations? We may not associate the chitchat, the tete-a-tete, with discussion, but with conversation. Do we gossip during a discussion? We prattle on. Are you still with us? Maybe conversations are more intimate than discussions. Can we have a conversation question in the same sense we have discussion questions? If words have meanings, then perhaps a discussion on discussion might mean something. But is mere meaning ever enough, or must we have entertainment to boot? To mean is to mind, as we mine for meaning. And Cage added, immediately following his seemingly anti-jazz comment, in parentheses, “(Dialogue is another matter).” What did he mean by that?
What are discussion questions, and should we have them? Can we have a discussion without a question to prompt one? What is the discussion question that can only result in silence? And is that the discussion we desire?
Give any one thought a push : it falls down easily but the pusher and the pushed pro-duce that enter- tainment called a dis-cussion . Shall we have one later ? Cage, "Lecture on Nothing," Silence, 1961 (1973), 109 (the text is arranged in four columns, here approximate).
Without further ado:
7 Short Discussion Questions with Equally Short Suggested Answers:
- Q: Are discussion questions deconstructive? A: Pour the lecture neat.
- Q: Where would you like to sit? A: In separate sections.
- Q: Has education become entertainment? A: You’re taking me out tonight?
- Q: How can we improve the world? A: How long is this supposed to last?
- Q: What can we learn from randomness? A: Noise counts – percussion discussion.
- Q: Why even when diligently minding our own business are we often snared by a discussion question? A: “Do you know the way to San Jose?”
- Q: Does wasted time pay for itself? A: Time will never tell.
* John Cage, "DIARY: HOW TO IMPROVE THE WORLD (YOU WILL ONLY MAKE MATTERS WORSE) 1965," A Year From Monday, 1967, 12.